Cataracts, which can cause blurred or clouded vision, typically develop with age or can result from lens tissue injury. Risk factors include genetics, medical conditions like diabetes, eye surgeries, or prolonged use of steroids. This condition forms on the lens, found behind the colored part of the eye, scattering light and reducing sharpness on the retina.
Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that damages the retina in individuals with diabetes. It affects the body’s sugar regulation, leading to health issues. Over time, it impacts the retinal circulatory system, causing retinal tissue swelling and blurred vision. Untreated, it can cause blindness. Symptoms include floaters, blurred vision, dark spots, and nighttime vision difficulties.
Dry eye syndrome is a chronic condition that can be managed successfully in most cases. Treatment requires following the doctor’s recommendations and using recommended products consistently. For mild cases, frequent use of artificial tears or medicated eye drops may offer some relief, but daily use is required. For more moderate to severe cases of dry eye syndrome, a new innovative procedure called TempSure Envi provides a non-invasive way to treat the cause of dry eye, minimizing and even eliminating the use of drops. It also helps to repair the skin around the eyes, reducing fine lines and wrinkles while providing a slight lift to the upper lids.
Flashes of light in front of one eye, like sparkles, lightning, or fireworks can be a symptom of a change in the gel in your eye which “tugs” on your retina. They can also occur due to injury. If the flashes are constant and there is a shadow at the edge of your vision, it may indicate a retinal tear or detachment. If this happens, you should immediately consult an optometrist.
Eye floaters are semi-transparent spots in your vision, appearing as specks, strings, or cobwebs that drift when you move your eyes. They may dart away when directly looked at. Age-related changes cause most floaters as the vitreous in your eyes becomes more liquid, with clumped fibers casting shadows on your retina. Sudden increase in floaters, especially with light flashes or vision loss, requires immediate contact with an eye specialist as it could signify an emergency situation.
Glaucoma, often linked to elevated intraocular pressure, can cause optic nerve damage and result in vision loss or blindness. It is the primary cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. In its early stages, glaucoma may not present any symptoms, making regular eye exams crucial for diagnosis. Painless tests are used to determine intraocular pressure, optic nerve status, drainage angle, and monitor glaucoma progression.
Hypertensive retinopathy occurs when high blood pressure causes thickening of the blood vessel walls in the retina, leading to narrowed vessels and reduced blood flow. Symptoms may not be noticeable until the condition advances. Signs include reduced vision, eye swelling, burst blood vessels, and double vision with headaches. At Snyder Optometry, we can diagnose hypertensive retinopathy effectively.
Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss, affecting over 10 million Americans, surpassing cataracts and glaucoma combined. Currently considered incurable, it stems from the deterioration of the central part of the retina, responsible for recording images and transmitting them to the brain via the optic nerve. The macula, located in the central retina, is crucial for focused central vision, enabling activities like reading, driving, facial recognition, and fine-detail object perception.
Ocular allergies, also known as allergic conjunctivitis, occur when the immune system reacts excessively to harmless substances, triggering an allergic response. Symptoms may include watering, itching, pain, redness, and swelling of the eyes. Indoor allergens like dust mites and pet dander can cause year-round eye allergies, which worsen around these triggers. While eye allergy symptoms can be bothersome, they usually do not pose a significant threat to eyesight, aside from temporary blurriness. However, similar symptoms can also result from infections and other conditions that may endanger eyesight.